At Primary Dental our expert dentists and staff can help you with dental treatment for the following conditions and more. Scheduling regular checkups with your dentist, and practicing good dental hygiene (brushing your teeth and flossing regularly), are an important way to prevent most painful and costly dental problems.



Tooth cavities can be caused by bacteria, snacking, sipping sugary drinks, and poor teeth cleaning. Cavities can become very painful but are typically easy to treat if done before the cavity is too severe. If left untreated, a root canal treatment or extraction may be necessary.

Chipped Tooth

There is an easy solution to fix a chipped tooth called cosmetic bonding. Your dentist can use this process to restore your smile and chipped tooth to its natural look. While tooth bonding can’t compare to the strength of your natural teeth, it does come very close to it.


Gingivitis symptoms include irritation, redness and swelling of gums, and can be caused by poor oral hygiene. Treatment involves a professional cleaning as well as oral rinses. The best way to prevent gingivitis is through establishing healthy eating habits and regular brushing of teeth, flossing, and going to the dentist at least twice yearly for a cleaning.

Grinding of Teeth

Frequent grinding and clenching of the teeth (referred to as bruxism) can cause tooth damage and other complications. This is often caused by a misaligned bite. Your dentist can create a special mouth protector (mouthguard or nightguard) just for you.

Gum Disease

Gum disease is one of the most prevalent diseases in America. It is an infection of the gums and bone that support teeth.  Your dentist can detect early warning signs of gum disease at your regular dental checkups.

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Pain

The temporomandibular joint is like a sliding hinge, connecting your jawbone to your skull. Dysfunction can lead to pain and discomfort. Jaw pain, clicking and locking of the jaw joint, and difficulty chewing are some of the symptoms. Common treatments include bite guards, medications, and physical therapy.

Tooth Abrasion, Abrasion and Tooth Wear

Tooth abrasion, or tooth wear, is the loss of a tooth’s surface caused by erosion, attrition and abrasion. Abrasion can be caused by  incorrect toothbrushing technique. Attrition is caused by the grinding of teeth. Erosion of tooth surfaces is mostly the results of too frequent or inappropriate use of carbonated drinks (including sparkling water) and fruit juices with high levels of acidity. This is particularly common amongst teenagers and young adults.

Tooth Abscess

A tooth abscess is an infection in the mouth, jaw, face or throat, typically caused by poor dental hygiene and tooth decay or untreated gum disease. Symptoms can appear as swelling, high fever and pain in the infected area. Consult your dentist for treatment options.

Tooth Decay

Tooth Decay is a result of bacteria in the mouth that makes acids that eat away at the tooth. This is often caused by overconsumption of sugar and starches. Tooth decay leads to cavities if untreated. You can prevent tooth decay by regularly brushing and flossing your teeth, regular dental cleanings, and limiting consumption of foods that are high in sugar.

Tooth Discoloration

Your teeth can become discolored by stains on the surface or other changes in the tooth material. This can be caused by the outer layer of your teeth being stained by coffee, wine, cola, or  smoking, and other factors. A dentist can diagnose tooth discoloration by looking at the teeth. Some discoloration can be treated by a professional cleaning or whitening.

Tooth Loss

Tooth decay and gum disease can both weaken the tissues supporting your teeth, which can make your teeth loosen and fall out. Preventing tooth loss requires healthy dental and diet choices. Tooth loss is typically the result of poor oral hygiene and dietary habits. Regular dental cleanings and exam are recommend to avoid unnecessary loss of teeth.


A toothache is commonly the cause of tooth decay, injury or trauma. It can also be the sign of an infection, abscessed tooth, teeth grinding, and other issues. Consult with your dentist to get a professional diagnoses and to resolve the cause of your toothache.